Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2016, Page: 22-28
Identify and Evaluate the Green Transport Important Parameters in National University of Malaysia (UKM) and Determine Alternative Modes
Hassan M. Abdelsalam, Sustainable Urban Transport Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
Muhammad Nazri Borhan, Sustainable Urban Transport Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
Riza Atiq O. K. Rahmat, Department of Civil & Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
Received: Aug. 5, 2016;       Accepted: Aug. 19, 2016;       Published: Nov. 3, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20160203.11      View  2831      Downloads  78
Abstract
Considering the sustained and pervasive popularity of the private vehicle not only in UKM but in most of Malaysian Universities, what makes people use or prefer the car more than public transport? What will facilitate the use of public transport? An understanding of the factors that affect mode choice is essential to the promotion of more sustainable behavior and the achievement of the state's transport targets. A sustainable transport system must provide mobility and accessibility to all urban residents in a safe and environment friendly mode of transport. The survey data collected were used to develop the models. The explanatory variables included in the models were demographic, socio-economic characteristics of individuals, trip characteristics, and mode attributes. A binary logic model was used to identify factors that are significant in determining the choice of transport and to predict the probability of a change in bus and train rider ship with respect to various travel times and cost. Attention will be paid to sensitive factors that will facilitate the use of public transportation system as a tool for addressing congestion and air pollution. Strategies employed includes, increasing parking cost for private cars, increasing the driving age, increasing the toll fees for private cars, restriction the use of private cars in some strategic places, increasing the road tax, speed-monitoring strategy for private cars, restriction the use of old cars in the cities and campuses, redirecting the private cars to a specific route especially in the cities and campuses and ensuring that safety standard are met.
Keywords
UKM Transport Sector, Private Car, Public Transportation
To cite this article
Hassan M. Abdelsalam, Muhammad Nazri Borhan, Riza Atiq O. K. Rahmat, Identify and Evaluate the Green Transport Important Parameters in National University of Malaysia (UKM) and Determine Alternative Modes, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2016, pp. 22-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20160203.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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