Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2016, Page: 15-21
Performance Assessment of Mongla Seaport in Bangladesh
Md. Ashraful Islam, Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Mohammed Ziaul Haider, Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Received: Sep. 4, 2016;       Accepted: Sep. 18, 2016;       Published: Oct. 17, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20160202.11      View  3915      Downloads  98
Abstract
The objective of this study is to assess the performance of Mongla sea port in Bangladesh during 2001-2010 periods. It also attempts to identify the problems and prospects associated with the seaport. Data indicate that the port incurred losses for several consecutive years at the beginning of the 21st century. However, the scenario has been changing since 2008. On an average, the port handles about 20 percent of total trading activities of Bangladesh through applying 40 percent of its total capacity. The study findings indicate that heavy siltation in Pussur channel, lack of dredging work at the channel, inadequate hinterland facility and lack of government attention are the main problems which ultimately hamper the performance of the port. In spite of having the said problems and being underutilized, Mongla seaport has potentialities to contribute in regional and national economy of the country. The study results indicate that if some development projects are implemented, about 70 percent of its capacity could be utilized which could make a profit of about 4 million US$ per year.
Keywords
Mongla Seaport, Performance, Problem, Prospect, Economic Development, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Md. Ashraful Islam, Mohammed Ziaul Haider, Performance Assessment of Mongla Seaport in Bangladesh, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2016, pp. 15-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20160202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
S. Esmer, “Performance measurements of container terminal operations,” Journal of Graduate School of Social Science (GSSS), vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 238-351, 2008.
[2]
H. Zeybek, and M. Kaynak, “What role for Turkish ports in the regional logistics supply chains?” [International Conference on Information System, Logistics and Supply Chain, USA, May 27-30, 2008].
[3]
S. B. Caglak, G. Alkanlkan, and G. Aydin, “The impact of seaport investment on regional economics and developments,” International Journal of Business and Management Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 333-338, 2011.
[4]
A. Deshmukh, “Indian ports - The current scenario,” Working paper no. 14, Dr. Vibhooti Shukla Unit in Urban Economics & Regional Development, 2003.
[5]
UNCTAD “Port performance indicator, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD),” United Nations publication, Geneva, 1976.
[6]
K. C. Chung, “Port performance indicators, Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department,” The World Bank, 1993.
[7]
V. R. Caldeirinha, J. A. Felicio, and J. Coelho, “The influence of characterizing factors on port performance, measured by operational, financial and efficiency indicators,” [4th International Conference on Recent Advances in Environment, Energy Systems and Naval Science, Barcelona, Spain, 2011].
[8]
M. A. Kader, “The role of Chittagong Port in the economy of Bangladesh,” MBA thesis, Independent University of Bangladesh, 2009.
[9]
CPA “The official web site of Chittagong Port Authority (CPA)” [Online]. Available: http://www.cpa.gov.bd. [Accessed: 07-February 2012].
[10]
L. Jiaju, “Study on sediment in seaports and coast protection,” [International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute (NHRI), Hangzhou, China, pp. 436-441, November 2003].
[11]
P. W. Langen, “Ensuring hinterland access: The role of port authorities,” [Proceeding of the Research Round Table, Joint Transport Research Centre, Paris, April 10-11, 2008].
[12]
T. Mahmud, and J. Rossette, “Problems and potentials of Chittagong Port: A follow-up diagnostic study,” Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), pp. 1-6, 2007.
[13]
M. V. D. L. Larissa, and W. D. L. Peter, “The changing role of ports as location for logistics activities,” Journal of International Logistics and Trade, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 59-70, 2005.
[14]
V. Carbone, and M. D. Martino, “The changing role of port in supply-chain management: An empirical analysis,” Maritime Policy and Management, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 305-320, 2003.
[15]
E. Musso, C. Ferrari, and M. Benacchio. “Port investment: Profitability, economic impact and financing,” Research in Transportation Economics, vol. 16, pp. 171-218, 2006.
[16]
D. Saurabh, “Indo-Bangladesh relations: Opening new vistas,” Indian council of world affairs, pp. 2-4, 2010.
[17]
M. Rahmatullah, “Regional connectivity-Indo-Bangla initiative,” Available: http://www.thedailystar.net/, 2010 [Accessed: 03 February 2012].
[18]
M. Z. Haider, and K. M. Hasan, “Investment climate in south-west region of Bangladesh: A study of the manufacturing sector,” Working paper no. 4/2010, Economic Research Group (ERG), Dhaka, pp. 22-24, 2010.
[19]
P. Kumar, and C. Mukherjee, “Trade facilitation needs assessment in south Asia: A case study of eastern sub-region,” CUTS Centre for International, Trade, Economics & Environment (CUTS-CITEE), 2006.
[20]
P. Kharel, “South Asian transit arrangement, Research, Capacity Building and Advocacy on Trade (ReCAT),” Briefing paper, South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics & Environment (SAWTEE), pp. 3-4, 2009.
[21]
MPA “The official web site of Mongla Port Authority (MPA),” Available: http://www.mpa.gov.bd, 2012a [Accessed: 02 February 2012].
[22]
MPA “Annual report of harbor & conservancy department of MPA 2011,” Mongla Port Authority (MPA), Mongla, Bagerhat, Bangladesh, 2012b.
[23]
MPA “Record book of planning department of MPA 2011,” Mongla Port Authority (MPA), Mongla, Bagerhat, Bangladesh, 2012c.
Browse journals by subject